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The pancreas is an oblong flattened accessory digestive organ which has been located deep in the abdomen. The pancreas is a gland known as pancreatic gland. Where is the location of pancreas in our bodies? The pancreas is located deep in the abdomen; this gland is squeezed into the stomach and the lumbar spine. A part of the gland lies to some extent at the back of the stomach. The other piece is nestled down into the bend of the small intestine named duodenum. The pancreas gland is an integral part of both the digestive and endocrine system of the mammal family. The important task of pancreas tissue is to produce hormones both pancreatic and endocrine gland. Pancreas hormone is pancreatic juice in which digestive enzymes are contained for helping digestion of foods in the stomach and absorption in the small intestine. Endocrine gland hormones are glucagon, insulin and somatostatin. The pancreas is rarely noticed organ until pancreas disease take place. What may be the pancreas diseases? The disorders may be: Pancreatitides, pancreatic neoplasm, pancreatic insufficiency, pancreatitis, pancreatic internal secretion disorders, pancreatic abscess, pancreatic tumors and pancreatic cancer. The medical prognosis of the pancreatic cancer is a bare chance even though early disease recognition. What are the signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer? Upper abdominal pain and back pain. Being constipated or having chronic bowel obstruction. Yellow colored skin and white of eyes. The other noticeable signs may be weight loss, depression, appetite loss and blood clots. However, pancreatic cancer syndrome does appear after the disease progression. Those who experience unexpected dorsally upper abdominal pain, abnormal weight loss, skin and white eye jaundice should seek immediately medical advice of an oncologist. The causes of pancreatic cancer is not known clearly yet. However, it is clear that pancreas islet cells are genetically mutated due to an unknown reason.

These mutant cells begin to develop involuntarily and go on alive after usual cells would pass away. These cumulating of cells form a tumor. Pancreatic cancer cells are classified in two types. In case of formation of cancerous cell in the pancreatic duct is known as exocrine tumors or pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In case of formation of cancerous cell in the excrete hormone cells of the pancreas is known as endocrine cancer. Pancreatic tumor or pancreatic cancer risk factors are: Being obese or overweight, being above sixty years of age, diabetes, having pancreatitis called chronic inflammation of the pancreas, family history of genetic set of symptoms and smoking. Genetic aspects cancer risks are: Lynch syndrome, peutz-Jeghers syndrome, BRCA2 gene mutation, atypical mole-malignant melanoma in short FAMMM. What is the treatment of pancreatic tumors or pancreatic cancers? The first step for pancreatic cancer treatment is to get rid of the cancerous cell as soon as possible in order to prevent cell growth and cell-growing and injure patient’s health. Surgeries performed in cancer patients with pancreatic cancer are: Whipple procedure or pancreatoduodenectomy is performed if the pancreatic tumor is located in the head of pancreas. The surgeon may remove the head of pancreas, a piece of the duodenum, gallbladder, section of bile duct and a part of the stomach during the oncological surgery. Distal pancreatectomy is performed for removing the tale of pancreas and if needed sometimes the spleen. Radiation therapy is a kind of radiation treatment which cancer patients may receive preoperatively and post-surgical. Radiation therapy is regularly in combination with chemotherapy known as chemoradiation. Radiation treatment uses high-energy beams to harm cancerous cells. Chemotherapy uses medicines and drugs to help to destroy cancerous cells. Medicines and drugs can be taken orally or may be injected into a vein in chemotherapy treatment.

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