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Menstrual Cramp

Women feel pain in abdomen region and pelvic cavity during their menstruation. Cramps and pain experienced meanwhile are not just like felt for the period of premenstrual phase known as premenstrual syndromes in short PMS. Menstrual stress and discomfort can change from woman to woman. Period cramps may vary from dull to rather severe. Some women feel menstrual cramps just as mild effects of light heaviness in belly area. But, some of others can suffer from low back pain, abdominal pain and bellyache so much so strong that period pains stop them from daily activities for days. It is a common knowledge that young girls and adolescent female are having more severe menstrual cramps rather than women. There are two kinds of dysmenorrhea: Primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrheal. Primary dysmenorrheal: Primary menstrual cramps have no identifiable underlying gynecologic disorders. Primary dysmenorrhea takes a few months to a year in time after getting girl’s first menstruation called menarche. A young girl may not have an early onset of the premenstrual phase and menstrual syndromes for nearly a year. Secondary menstrual cramps may have diagnosable underlying gynecologic problems. These underlying gynecologic abnormalities involve closely a female’s reproductive system of women in reproductive age group. Secondary dysmenorrhea may be obvious at menarche but, more regularly it develops afterwards. Why female suffer severe menstrual pain or cramps? Normally, once every twenty eight days uterine mucosa known as endometrium gets ready for a potential pregnancy. If the egg is not fertilized by a sperm during the ovulation period, as a consequence of unfertilized egg pregnancy will not be possible. In these premises, the inner lining of the womb is not important anymore. Then, unneeded uterine mucosa flows out as menstruation. Menstrual cramps are felt while the broken and swollen endometrial tissue flows out of the body throughout the cervix and vagina.

If a female’s cervical canal is narrow than usual she feels cramps much stronger. For, old lining tissue of the uterus which is broken to pieces and blood clots may be forced into flowing throughout a narrow flow cervix channel. Besides, it is a clear point that, those who experienced more menstrual cramps and painful period have elevated prostaglandin levels in their endometrium. Menstrual cramps can be systematically confirmed by measuring the strain within the womb and the amount and rate of uterine contractions. Menstrual pains are periodic or continual cramps. Menstrual cramps generally begin soon before the menstrual blood, reach the highest point in twenty four hours following the onset of the bleeding, and fall down for a second time after a day or two. Period cramps may reason headache, nausea and vomiting and/or diarrhea, constipation. In some women it causes to urinate more often known as polyuria. The typical signs of menstrual cramps cannot be diagnosed with medical examinations. The female who has experienced period pain once, can comprehend the typical moliminal symptoms and period cramps. However, for secondary dysmenorrhea, the gynecologists may ask for laboratory and clinical tests or imaging studies. In order to bring relief to midol cramps, every woman should learn what kind of treatment works on her. The tips and advices for relieving signs of cramps are: 1- Having enough rest and sleep. 2- Routine daily exercise specially walking. 3- Getting massages on the cramped regions. 4- Applying a warm compress on the abdominal region. 5- Activities such as yoga.6- Non-prescription drugs. It may be better to receive the over-the-counter medication one or two days before flow and continue one to two days during the period. If menstrual cramps are too severe and a woman cannot be able to keep them under control; she may be recommended endometrial ablation.

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