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Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a term to describe the most widespread type of anemia. Bone marrow makes healthy blood cells in your body. Iron deficiency is a situation in which bone marrow lacks to produce enough healthy and vital red blood cells. Iron is the most primary element for red blood cells. If the human body does not have adequate iron, as a consequence bone marrow cannot produce enough red blood cells or creates fewer and too small. This is called iron deficiency anemia. The duty of red blood cells is to carry oxygen to the human body tissues. However, your blood in its unhealthy red blood cells cannot pass through oxygen to the body tissues without iron. Iron deficiency anemia occurs as one’s body iron store run low down. What are the causes of iron deficiency? The causes are if the body: Lose more iron and blood cells and unable to replace; Being frequent blood donor; Lack in absorbing iron; Cannot have dietary rich in iron; Needs much more iron than normal. Body is usually in need of more iron during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Body loses iron especially due to bleeding depends on: Long and heavy menses; Esophagus, stomach or colon cancers; esophageal and gastric varices; Long-term rheumatoid arthritis medication; peptic ulcer. The body becomes unable to absorb adequate iron in the dietary because of: Celiac disease; Ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease; Gastric bypass surgery; Receiving more antacids which are rich in calcium. Body may not get adequate iron if one is: A strict dieter or vegetarian; has poor nutrition. What are the symptoms of iron deficiency? Sign of physical and mental fatigue, nervous temperament, headaches, loss of concentration, distractibility and thinking problems. As the iron deficiency gets worse, signs may be: Bluish color to the whites of eyes; Pale skin tone; Brittle nails; Lightheadedness while standing; Shortness of breath; Tongue soreness.

How can someone notice the signs of iron deficiency anemia? Those who has iron deficiency anemia watch the changes as the following: Tar/dark-colored or bloody stools; stomach pain in ulcerous cases; heavy menstruation in women; unwanted weight loss in cancer cases. Iron deficiency anemia is not a kind of disorder that someone takes care of or cures. Those who have doubts about signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anemia should go to a health care provider, rather than take medicine as iron supplements on their own. Getting iron supplements and having iron rich dietary are important parts of treating iron deficiency anemia. However, the cause of anemia must be searched firstly by your doctor. Overloading the body under one’s own control with iron may be very risky because hyper accumulation of iron can harm his/her liver and cause some other complications. Iron loading certainly must be done under physician supervision. What are the iron rich healthy foods? They are: Chicken, turkey, egg especially yolk, dried lentil, fish, peas, peanut butter, bean, soybean, liver, meat, whole-grain bread, spinach, raisin, kale, apricot, oatmeal, prune etc. Which kind of tests can be required to diagnose iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia? In order to diagnose iron deficiency anemia, you may be asked for the following blood tests: 1- Red blood cell count: The size and color of red blood cells are paler and smaller than normal during anemia. 2- Hematocrit: The level and percentage of blood volume made up by red blood cells is specified. 3- Hemoglobin: Specifies the level of hemoglobin whether it is lower than normal. Lower hemoglobin levels means anemia. 4- Ferritin: Ferritin is a protein that helps to store iron in the body. Low leveled ferritin shows low stored iron level in the body.

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