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Freckles are smooth bronzed round spots. The spots can be randomized on the skin. Those who are exposed to sunlight repeatedly may unluckily have the bad luck of becoming freckled on their skin. Freckles commonly appear on upper body skin areas such as arms, cheeks, hands, nose and upper shoulders. The color of freckles may be black, brown, light brown, reddish, tan or yellowish. However they are fundamentally to some extent dusky-colored than the skin tone. They tend to become lighten in the winter. Freckles are due to an increase enormously in the total number of dark pigment known as melanin. But, they are not due to a multiply in the amount of pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes. There are two main forms of freckles: 1- Simple freckles. Simple freckles are generally small, round and dark colored spots on the skin. Simple freckles are more common on cheeks, hands and nose. The medical term for simple freckles is ephelides. This type of a little redish, yellowish, light brown or tan spots characteristically become visible during the sunny months. They are most often increase on light-skinned or light-complected people. Even sometimes in some families, ephelis or ephelides are a genetic common trait. Those who have reddish hair with reddish eye brow and green eyes are more prone to these forms of ephelides. 2- Sunburn freckles are frequently darker and larger. Besides, they have asymmetrical toothed borders.Sunburn freckles are more widespread on the shoulders and upper back. Because upper back and shoulders of people normally may get most serious sunburns. The medical term for darker, larger and sunburn freckles is lentigo or lentiginis. This type of sunburn freckles do not fade away in the winter months. Freckles both develop as an outcome of a mixture of hereditary background tendency and genetic predisposition and sun exposure. However, when two different people have the same sun exposure they may not have the same possibility of increasing freckles.

Ultraviolet rays in short UV, are emitted by natural sunlight and artificial suntanning lights. ımmediately after exposure to UV, the outer layer of the skin known as epidermis thickens. Then, the pigment-producing cells named melanocytes begin to create the pigment melanin at a greater rate than before. So, freckles appear at one part of the outer of skin as an extraordinarily heavy deposit of melanin. Of course, individuals exposed to extreme sunlight or hot environments may differ a great deal in their reactions. For example, an albino has not pigmentation in his/her skin because of a deficiency in his/her melanin metabolism. But, contrary to this; dark darkskinned individuals are comparatively less sensitive to sun exposure than light skinned or fair-skinned ones. Genetic factors, skin color and skin type or texture are very essential things for the tendency to occur freckles. Freckles have a tendency to be inherited genetically and besides are most general in fair-skinned people with blond or red hair. A person who has one or more unusual pigmented blemishes should see his/her dermatologist at once. For, it is vital to have any bleeding, recent, varying spot or mole or enlargement examined by the dermatologist at pointblank against skin cancer risks. Then, how can you be prevented from freckles? As a matter of fact, you can not change your own genetic tendency of freckling. You can only make provision against sun exposure. You can try to avoid sun and harmful solar rays. Besides, you can practice sun protection factors such as applying sun protection factors in short SPF. You can place wide-brimmed a hat. You can put on sun-protective dresses with long sleeves.You can pull on trousers. You can prefer shady areas while you are out. During sun hours of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. you can stay indoors. Please take care of yourself especially in the summer months.

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