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Eczema

The medical term atopic dermatitis is an itchy and inflammatory skin disorder. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic and touchy situation that may affect any part of a person’s skin. Sometimes, atopic dermatitis known as eczema may be an accompanying disease to asthma or hay fever. Although eczema most commonly affects every region of skin, it characteristically develops on the arms, ankles, hands, face, neck, upper chest, wrists and behind the knees or in front of the elbows, besides around the eyes of your body. Eczema is an inflamation which flares up suddenly and periodically and then tends to heal spontaneously. The source of eczema is unknown yet. However, the cause of eczema may be a mixture of genetic tendencies and parafunction in skin immune system. Those who have sensetive skin and prone to itchy and inflammatory skin deseases may try self-care to their skins. They can take harsh measures not to use soaps or some other irritants. Besides, they can apply creams and ointments in order to prevent itching. If eczema develops in infants, it is named as infantile eczema. This skin disorder may go on during childhood and adolescence. The signs of eczema include: 1- Patches in reddish-brown or brownish-gray color. 2- Severe itching especially at midnight. 3- Small water blisters. 4- Skin manifestations as skin thickness, skin crack or scaly skin called ichthyosis. The germ known as Staphylococcus aureus bacteria commonly leads eczema to multiply quickly on the skin. The worsening factors of atopic dermatitis include: Dry skin, taking hot baths and showers, excessive and night sweating, low humidity rate, rapid change of air, psychological stress, cleaners, detergents, dust, harsh soaps, sand, solvents, smoking, man-made fabrics and clothing, wool, high pollution. In addition to all these some certain foods as egg, milk, fish and wheat may worsen the telltale signs of eczema.

If a patient with eczema does not take care of his/her skin as a result there may be complications such as: 1- Neurodermatitis: Long-lasting itching and cronic scratching may cause to increase the power of the itch which may lead to lichen simplex chronicus known as neurodermatitis. In neurodermatitis the scratched area of skin oftenly becomes thicky and leathery. Besides, persistent scratching may also show the way to lasting scars or changes in skin color. 2- Skin infections: Sometimes, skin cracks may end in open sores. These chaps and stretch marks can be infected easly. This kind of infection may form firstly as a mild impetigo. If mild impetigo or impetiginization goes from bad to worse then it may lead to staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in short ssss. 3- Eye complications: Severe eczema may also lead to eye problems because of serious and harsh itching. Severe and harsh itching under eyes and around the eyelids may lead to some eye complications such as eye watering and inflammation of the eyelid called blepharitis or the lining of the eyelid named conjunctivitis. In such cases it can be the best to see an eye doctor known as oculist. Atopic dermatitis or eczema can not be diagnosed with the help of tests. Skin doctor called dermatologist can identify it with the help of an examination of the skin and listening to family history. Treatments and medication for atopic dermatitis can take aim only to decrease inflammation, lighten itching and put a stop to future flare-ups. Some of nonprescription and anti-itch creams and products or self-care measures can make easier to control mild eczema. Medications for atopic dermatitis are: Antibiotics, corticosteroid creams or ointments, oral antihistamines, oral or injected corticosteroids and immunomodulators. Apart from these drug therapy Light therapy or phototherapy in which natural or artificial light is used may helpful.

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