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The term dizziness is used to explain the sense of fainting. A person who is going under fainting experiences a sensation of spinning. Besides, he/she has his/her surroundings spin or move about them. In medical specific terms and words disequilibrium, presyncope and vertigo can be used to mean dizziness. Disequilibrium is the feeling of losing one’s balance. Disequilibrium occurs by losing one’s balance and falling off a specific direction. In this condition there is not nausea or vomiting. Presyncope only describes lightheadedness and sense of fainting. Presyncope does not mean to fall faint known as syncope. Vertigo is used to explain the feeling of spinning or having one’s environment spin about them. In vertigo nausea and vomiting can be seen. The non-specific terms used for dizziness are floating, heavy-headedness, swimming, swimming of the head, vertigoes, giddiness, drowsiness and lightheadedness. Dizzness or vertigo is not a life-threatening condition. However, a lot of underlying disease may trigger off these unhealthy conditions. Triggering disease may develop out of eyes, inner ear or sensory nerves. The causes of vertigo include: 1- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in short BPPV: BPPV is the most familiar origin of vertigo. BPPV causes severe recurrent dizziness after a sudden change of your head’s position. When you bend over to pick something up and spring to your feet you may feel dizziness. Besides when you change the position of your head as turning over to any direction or sit up in the morning suddenly and move around, you may probably feel dizzy. 2- Acute vestibular neuritis means inflammation in the inner ear. If your inner ear gets infected and inflamed you may lose your balance and sense of hearing. In addition to those you may have nausea and vomiting. You may struggle along under these poor conditions for several days and it needs bed rest.

3- Meniere’s disease: In some cases, your internal ear blisters excess fluid. It most common causes sudden and unexpected episodes of vertigo which may last quite a few hours. This unusual condition has an effect on adults of all ages. 4- Migrainous vertigo: There are two types of migraine attacks: Migraine with aura and migraine without aura. If a person gets a migraine without aura, he/she may experience recurrent vertigo episodes and other kinds of dizziness in the course of migraine headaches.5- Acoustic neuroma or vestibular schwannoma is a noncancerous benign tumor which is formed on the vestibular nerve. Vestibular nerve connects the internal ear to the brain. This is why vestibular nerve benign lesions lead to vertigo. It includes tinnitus on one side, hearing loss, imbalance and dizziness. Sometimes, vertigo may be the sign of another serious neurological complication. These neurological statuses may be: Having a brain hemorrhage, being struck with paralysis or being multiple sclerosis patient. However in such circumstances the patient has the other neurological syndromes such as double vision, slurred speech, facial abnormalities, facial muscles weakness, facial tics, complaints of numbness and pain in any part of the body, limb deformity and condition of imbalance. If you frequently feel dizzy or have vertigo disease you may experience the following home remedies and tips: 1- Crouch down, lie down the bed or a sofa, sit down on the floor or slouch behind something. 2- Try to avoid driving both motor and motorless vehicle.3- When you feel raw about vertigo try to be aware of probability of imbalance and make provision against falling in order not to be injured. 4- Avoid using rugs, nonslip floor and electrical cords both in your rooms and bathrooms. 5- If you get out of the bed at midnight, try to use good lighting.

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