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Back Pain

Backache is a pain felt in the back of the body. Dorsalgia generally arises from bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves and tendons in the spine. Back pain may have a rapid beginning. Besides, in time it may become a chronic back pain. It may be a kind of continuous or intermittent pain. Sometimes, it is felt at one point or spread out to other parts of back. Back pain complaints may be dull, low-to moderate-intensity, sharp and piercing or as burning sensation. The pain may spread out into the shoulders, arms and as well the legs or feet. Low back pain or lumbago may limit one’s spinal column flexibility or ability to move fast and sometimes may cause inability to stand straight. Back pain can be divided due to its duration: Acute back pain and chronic back pain. Back pain that goes on a small number of days to a few weeks is regarded as acute. Backache that carries on three months or more is regarded as chronic. Back pain can be classified due to anatomically: Neck pain, middle back pain, low-back and leg pain, lower back pain and tailbone pain. Lower back pain is also known as lumbago. Dorsalgia can be lessened and prevented with home remedies and easy home treatment. Surgery is not suggested for treating back pain. However, if the back pain does not improve within the four or five days of self-care, it may be the best choice consulting a physician. For, backache rarely may be a sign of a serious health problem such as alcohol or sedative drug abuse, cancer or osteoporosis. What are the causes of back pain? Improper body practices and lift heavy things, ligament and muscle strain, sudden and uncoordinated movements or muscle spasm may cause back pain. In some cases, structural diseases may be the reason of lumbago.

These structural problems are: 1- Bulged and ruptured or slipped discs: Discs work as pillows among the lumbar vertebrae the spine. In some cases, the soft tissue in a disc may bulge or rupture out of location and compress a nevre which causes nerve compression syndromes. 2- Lesion of sciatic nerve: If bulging or herniated disc compresses sciatic nevre, it causes sharp sciatic nerve pain at hip thigh level. 3- Spinal stenosis: . In some cases, arthritis in the spine may cause intraarticular narrowing of spinal cord known as lumbar spinal stenosis. 4- Skeletal abnormalities: Scoliosis is a problem in which backbone called spinal coloumn curves to the sides known as spinal curvature reasons back pain.5- Postmenopausal osteoporosis: Period of menopause may cause backbones to become porous and brittle. As a result, osteoporotic fractures cause dorsalgia. Apart from all these, rarely lumbago may be the symptom of cancer in the spine, myeloma and spinal cord inflammation or cauda equina syndrome. Persons may avoid back pain by developing their physical condition. Besides, proper body mechanics should be learned and practiced by everyone for being in peak physical condition. In order to keep one’s backbone healthy and strong: 1- Routine exercise: Aerobic activities as walking and swimming can improve one’s backbone density, flexibility, strength, control and prevent muscle pain and weakness. 2- Core strengthening exercises: Strengthening back muscles, stomach muscles, abdominals in short abs, help upper legs, hips, backbone and pelvic bones to be flexed. 4- Quit smoking: Smokers should stop smoking to increase oxygen levels in their spinal tissues. 5- Try to maintain a healthy weight: Overweight is always a great risk for back muscles and backbone because of exposing to pressure and strain. Finally, in addition to those please: Sit smart, stand smart and lift smart.

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