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With babyhood and childhood airborne pollutants can easily infect the respiratory tract and cause the lungs and air passages become inflamed. In other words, newborns, babies and children can easily catch an infection with a cold. These common colds cause respiratory infections to be flared up both in upper and lower respiratory tract. Childhood asthma can trigger annoying every day signs as they are playing with their friends. These asthma symptoms may ocur as they are running, sporting or doing activities at school. After daily extreme fatigue some children may have asthma exacerbations in their sleep. The diagnosis of asthma in childhood is not different from patients diagnosed with asthma in young adulthood, adulthood stage or middle adulthood. However, childhood asthma attacks may cause severe asthma exacerbations that cause to visit the emergency-department or hospitalizations. Unluckily, asthma in childhood can not be healed; on the contrary symptoms may go on into adulthood. But with true diagnosis and right treatment, childhood asthma stages can be kept under control. Thus, lung injury or pulmonary damage can be prevented. In order not to mistake asthma-like symptoms for asthmatic symptoms, the most frequent childhood asthma symptoms include: Broken coughing in frequent intervals, shortness of breath, panting, complaint of chest pain, chest blockage, chest inflammation or tightness, restless sleeping because of coughing or wheezing. Besides, widened nostrils as breathing in, using abdominal muscles to breathe, trying to breathe in through the mouth. Asthma signs in babhood usually occur at the same time as respiratory syncytial virus. respiratory virus. As baby grows older, asthma linked with respiratory allergies and rhinitis is more frequent. It may not be easy to let know whether signs are caused by asthma in childhood or some another asthma-like symptoms such as seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis, bronchitis, pharyngitis or whooping cough, etc.

Risk-increasing factors in babyhood or chilhood asthma include the following items: Tobacco smoke pollution, exposure to air pollution, low birth infant weight, obesity, children with premature birth history, bronchial allergies, eczema, food allergies, hives, infant nutrition disorders, seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis and sinusitis. In addition to all these reasons, vocal cord dysfunction, family history of asthma, other respiratory tract diseases, respiratory tract abnormalities in children and acid reflux named gastroesophageal reflux disease in short GERD may be increasing factor of asthma. Diagnosis of asthma in babyhood coming six years of age can be diffucult. For, lung function tests are not the most diagnostically accurate method before six years of age. In such cases, sometimes chest disease specialist called pulmonologist in pediatric centres may need long-term observation period for signs and symptoms. For pediatric age group as infants, babies and toddlers it may be the best choice for a pediatrist to use a wait-and-see approach. No doubt, early diagnosis and treatment methods in childhood asthma may help to reduce severity of asthma exacerbations and life-threatening asthma attacks. In children six years of age and elder health-care providers identify asthmatic symptoms with the similar laboratory techniques and procedures used in adult patient diagnosed with asthma. Every mother who has a child with asthma attack should know: 1- A child with asthma may have more trouble in breathing out rather than breathing in, for the reason that breathing out is a spasmogenic process in the bronchial wall. 2- An asthmatic child commonly has cough and breathing shortness in both during running around and playing or sleeping. 3- Inhalers and nebulisers help children in daily life activities and playing an active role in lifetime by lessening their fear of having an attack.4- Keep your child away from resources of allergens such as cockroaches, house dust mites, pet dander, pollens and stuffed toys.

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