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What is acne and acne scars? For some reason the hair follicles or stomatic cells become plugged up with oil and dead derma cells. Due to these reasons spots appear on your derma which is known as a skin problem called acne. Acne most usually comes into view on the parts of your skin as your back, chest, face, neck, and shoulders. Acne is not only a skin disorder of all ages but besides, a skin condition for both male and female. Serious acne disorders lead somebody to be under psychological pressure. In acne disorders skin lesion forms both as inflammatory lesions and anti-inflammatory lesions. Inflammatory lesions are: 1- Papules are tiny, red and tender raises or bumps in the hair follicles. 2- Pustules or pimples look like papules. However, pustule bumps have pus at their tips. 3- Nodules are commonly formed underneath the surface of the skin as lumps. Nodules are generally fat, sore and solid masses.  4- Cysts are ichor-filled painful swellings beneath the face of the skin. These hydatid-like cysts may lead acne scars. Anti-inflammatory lesion is comedones. Comedones are formed when the pores of hair follicles happen to be chocked up with oil intracellular secretions, dead skin cells and every so often bacteria. Comedones are formed in two types as open comedones and closed comedones. Open comedones, also known as blackheads are hair follicles which have a wider opening than normal. They have black and dark form of the plugs within the hair follicles. Closed comedones, also known as whiteheads are hair follicles that are filled with the same pus, but have just a tiny opening to the skin face. They are white colored because the air cannot get through to the hair follicles. Acne normally is not a severe medical condition but skin condition.

However, sometimes pimples, papules, pustules, nodules, whiteheads, blackheads and follicle cysts become inflamed and persist in not getting well soon. These kinds of persistent inflammatory and anti-inflammatory lesions and inflamed cysts can damage to one’s skin and may not heal without scarring. Therefore, it seems best to be given medical treatment to those who have acne-prone and acne patients by a dermatologist. How can a baby, child, teen, adult, men and women get rid of acne? How can acne be treated? Acne can be treated by four ways: 1- Oil production can be reduced. 2- Skin cell turnover can be speeded up. 3- Bacterial reproduction and bacterial infection can be prohibited. 4- Inflammation can be cleared up. Cosmetic procedures: Microdermabrasion, chemical dermabrasion and chemical peels, may cause to control acne. These procedures are most successful when used in grouping with other acne treatments. The other alternatives of acne treatments are: 1- Over the counter topical treatment in short OTC: Acne lotions, acne creams and acne gels may help to dry skin. Prescription medicine topical treatment: If acne does not act in response to OTC treatment, consult a dermatologist to write out a stronger prescription drug or lotion which works for killing overload skin bacteria. Antibiotics: Sometimes a short course of prescription oral antibiotics and antibiotic therapy may be needed to temperate heavy acne development in order to reduce bacteria and decrease inflammation. Isotretinoin: When deep cysts or scarring cystic acne persist in responding to antibiotics and alternative acne treatments. Then, isotretinoin may be suggested by the dermatologist. Isotretinoin should certainly taken under physician or supervision control because of its side effects. Soft tissue fillers: In this type of acne scar treatment collagen or fat is periodically injected under the skin, besides into acne scars in order to make the scars less visible. Laser treatment: Laser therapy helps to damage the sebaceous glands and reasons them to create less oil. Light treatment: Light therapy aims at the bacteria that source acne inflammation. Skin surgery: A small formula which removes out acne scars.

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